Best Papers BDRC 2017

Best Paper Awards – BDRC 2017




Sandra Baroudi - Doctorate of Education - The British University in Dubai

An examination of factors that make international large-scale assessments effective: a case study of Lebanon

This paper describes and analyses the need of consistently administering international large-scale assessments (ILSA) at Lebanese schools to support educational system improvement. Three main aspects were found to help a vulnerable and complex school system to nurture an assessment culture for better data-driven decisions making. Students’ socio economic status, quality of human resources and materials, and language of instruction were the three main factors that can have an impact on student performance during these tests in any given context. Qualitative data was collected and results found out three other influential factors that are influencing the Lebanese educational context. Recommendations and limitations are further discussed.


Heba Daragmeh  - Doctorate of Education - The British University in Dubai

Gifted and Talented Education Policy Analysis: A comparative study of the gifted and talented policies in the UAE, UK, USA, and Australia

Along with the global reform in the educational field, gifted educational policies are developed taking a universal shape. Transfer, diffusion, and convergence in the policies had generalized their characteristics. In response to the international priorities, Abu Dhabi Education Council (ADEC) had developed a general policy for special education including policies for Gifted and Talented (GT). In this content analysis research, ADEC GT policy is compared to the GT polices in the United Kingdome, Australia, and Georgia, Oklahoma, Kentucky, and Arkansas in the United States of America aiming to pinpoint the global standards on GT education policies, identify the gaps existing in ADEC current policies for GT students, and propose the elements needed to fill the gaps in order to ensure the international recognition and competitiveness. The findings revealed a serious action needed to review the policy and fill the gaps.



Selina Neri - PhD in Business Management - The British University in Dubai

From Quality to CSR

Global responsibility features among the key forces shaping the future of quality. We analyse and critique the current approach to quality at a global organization that is the market leader in outsourcing and technology services for governments. Particularly, we study the potential to include corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the company approach to quality by measuring senior managers’ perceptions of CSR and factors that influence their beliefs. The paper highlights that the main factors influencing CSR perceptions are shared values and beliefs, stakeholders’ requests and the sense of moral duty to honour the social contract by “giving back”. There is potential for the company to embrace CSR through adoption of a stakeholder-oriented extension of the EFQM framework.


Anmar Dulaimi - Liverpool John Moores University

A Novel Cold Bituminous Emulsion Mixture for Road Pavement using A New Cementitious Filler 

Cold bituminous emulsion mixtures (CBEMs) are environmentally friendly with ecological and economic advantages in their production and laying. These mixtures are bituminous materials commonly made by mixing aggregates with an asphalt emulsion and water. However, weak early strength and the long curing time of these mixtures is considered unacceptable by road engineers to apply in pavement layers. A new binary blended cementitious filler (NBCF) has been developed to generate a new fast-curing CBEM. This NBCF was used as a replacement for the limestone filler; this contains a high calcium fly ash (HCFA) and metakaolin (MK). The Marshall Method for Emulsified Asphalt Aggregate Cold Mixture Design (MS-14) has been used to design the developed CBEM. The results have confirmed an improvement in performance of the CBEM compared to the conventional hot mix asphalt (HMA) regarding stiffness modulus. The new NBCF mixture offers stiffness modulus equivalent to the traditional HMA after 3 days. Furthermore, use of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) proved the generation of hydrate products at early and later ages that are responsible for the early and ultimate strength gain.


Ala'a Abu Hijleh - PhD in Project Management - The British University in Dubai

Introducing System Dynamics Modeling to UAE Health Care Projects: Reducing patient waiting times

The usage of system dynamics (SD) modeling science in health care settings is not yet widespread, however, the applications and lessons learnt from some countries such as the UK, USA and Canada, that recognized and used SD methods for addressing complex health care problems and improving health care delivery efficiency motivated this study. The aim of this research is to explore the value and role of SD modeling in health care projects. The objectives for achieving the overall aim are two folds: (1) to review of the literature by selecting some academic studies investigating the effectiveness of SD modeling for health care development; and (2) to contribute to the literature, through a living case study, by assessing the usefulness of SD in health care delivery system in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This research is not scoped around a particular question, but is meant to explore important factors and factors relationships related to patient waiting times at the emergency room (ER) of a public hospital at the city of Abu-Dhabi using a SD approach. It is mainly to describe in a systematic manner the adequate levels of hospital service efficiency and quality required to enhance the performance of the ER, aiming to reduce emergency patient waiting times. In addition, this study makes a substantial contribution to the health care study concerns in the U.A.E.; it aims to encourage policy makers and project managers to rethink the potential value and role of SD modeling methods and work on innovative approach to address projects related health care system challenges appropriately.


Firoz Khan -PhD in Computer Science - The British University in Dubai

The Future of Software Engineering: Visions of 2025 and Beyond

In the current technological scenario of the industry and businesses, there has been increasing need of software within systems and also an increasing demand being put onto software-intensive systems. This in effect will lead to a significant evolution of software engineering processes over the next twenty years. This is due to the fact of emerging technological advancements like Industry 4.0 and Internet of Things in the IT field, among other new developments. This paper identifies some key research challenges which will be faced by the software engineering field and articulates information that is derived from the key research specializations within software engineering. The paper analyses the current state of art trends in software engineering. The future of software engineering in the context of Industry 4.0 which includes emerging technological platforms like Internet of Things. The societal impact aspect of future trends in software engineering is also addressed in this paper.


Zahra Jwaida - Liverpool John Moores University

Soft Subgrade Stabilisation Using Cement Kiln Dust and Ground Granulated Blast Slag

Soft soils are undesirable soils due to their low shear strength and high compressibility. Should such soils be used for pavement subgrade, remediation is essential to avoid potential pavement failure because strength and volume stability are important properties in subgrade construction. A most common approach for remediating such weak soils is the utilisation of chemical soil stabilisation. Since the development of soil stabilisation, binder materials including lime and ordinary Portland cement have traditionally been used for stabilising soils. However, there is currently a need to determine alternative sustainable materials that are capable of providing comparable or better performances than that of lime or cement, provided their significant financial and environmental costs. This research hence investigates the utilisation of waste materials in the stabilisation of intermediate plasticity clayey silt with sand (CI) collected from HighTown to the north of Liverpool, in the UK. Ground granulated blast slag (GGBS) activated by cement kiln dust (CKD) have been used as a stabilising agent and their effect on the physical and geotechnical properties of the soft soil have been measured using the consistency limits, compaction parameters (optimum moisture content (OMC) and maximum dry density (MDD)) and California Bearing Ratio (CBR) tests. A constant binder of 9% consisting of (100% GGBS; 100% CKD; 75% GGBS + 25% CKD; and 50% GGBS+ 50 % CKD; 25% GGBS: 75 CKD) was used to produce various mixtures. The CBR test was carried out on samples cured for 7 days. The results showed that the 9% GGBS increased the liquid limit, the plastic limit and MDD and reduced the Plasticity Index and the OMC while the 9% CKD provided opposite resullts.  The combination of GGBS and CKD followed the same trend as that of CKD and was dependent on the content of the CKD, with the higher content the more extreme the result. The binder contained 100% of GGBS indicated a CBR value equal to 8.5%, double the value of the untreated soil while the binder of 100% CKD gave a substantially higher CBR value of 18.9%.  However, the activation of 75% GGBS with 25% CKD significantly improved the CBR value by 78.8% of that obtained for the sole GGBS mixture indicating that the activation is very viable.